Head of the Department - Honour D., Prof.  V.M. Shovkoplyas

Scientific Secretary - Ph. D.  A.I. Krokhmal

Department of Quaternary Geology was created in 1926. Since its founding, noted scientists P. Tutkovsky, V. Riznichenko, V. Chirvinsky, V. Crocos, P. Zamory, V. Bondarchuk worked in the department. Three of them at different years held a post of the director of Institute (P. Tutkovsky (1926-1930), V. Riznichenko (1930-1932), V. Bondarchuk (1953-1963)). The present director of IGS NASU Academician P. Gozhik previously also worked in this department. Heads of the department, replacing each other, were Prof. V. Crocos, Prof. P. Zamora and Academician V. Bondarchuk. Since 1981, the department is headed by Prof.V. Shovkoplyas.

Presently two Doctors (V. Shovkoplyas, N. Dykan)  and eight Ph. D. (T. Khristoforova, V. Matsuy, A. Hranova, M. Komar, A. Krokhmal, E. Melnyk, S. Prilipko and V. Rudyuk), one leading engineer (V. Volynskaya) and technician (N. Suvorkina) work in the department of Quaternary geology.

Six employees of the department are the members of the Quaternary commission of the National Stratigraphic committee of Ukraine.

Department staffs are developing the following research directions:

1. Problems of continental glaciations and structure of deposition of glacial genesis.

2. The genesis and stratigraphy of Quaternary deposits.

3. Stratigraphy and Geochronology of loess-soil and glacial deposits.

4. Research of the dynamics and lithodynamics of sediments of coastal and shelf areas of inland seas.

5. Research and development of amber deposits in Ukraine.

6. Paleontology and stratigraphic study of the Quaternary sediments (small mammals, the spore-pollen analysis, ostracods, molluscs).

7. Minerals from Quaternary sediments.

There are main achievements of the department for 2006-2010.

1.      Theoretical foundations of systematic study of Quaternary ostracods is worked out as bases of historical-geological researches (evolution and phylogenesis of ostracods, stratigraphy, paleogeography) (N. Dykan).

2.      First it was suggested the use of modified quantitative method for paleogeographic reconstruction of Quaternary and Neogene freshwater and marine aquatic ecosystems for the Quaternary ostracods. The method allows to significantly increasing the informative accuracy of paleogeographic maps (N. Dykan).

3.      The method of tafonomical analysis of fossil ostracods to study biostratigraphic important species among all the fossil remains of ostracods in a vertical geologic section is developed. The method has an important value for dissection of deposits and paleoecological interpretations to ostracods. (N. Dykan).

4.      The method of stratification of quaternary deposits of different genesis is improved by spore-pollen method on the basis of determination (establishment) of the characteristic vegetable successions. The method is tested in the study of subaerial sediment late Neopleistocene Central and Eastern Europe (M. Komar).

5.      A database is developed on the Pleistocene mikroteriofaune from the 181th location of 138-mi sections of Ukraine. For sections their layout maps-charts, lists of species of small mammals and their accompanying flora and fauna are given. The list of original sources is given (О. Krokhmal).

6.      The criteria for stratification of the Pleistocene sediments are defined on fossil microteriofauna. Development of biochronological and biostratigraphic schemes for the dissection of the Quaternary deposits of Ukraine is continuing on the basis of fossil relicts of small mammals (О. Krokhmal).

7.      The fundamental article is published on the problem questions of stratification of datum section for loess-soil formation in the south of Ukraine near Roksolana. On the basis of new thermoluminescent, radiocarbon, palynological and mikroteriological data it was succeeded to confirm that the subaerial stratum of section has exceptionally Neopleistocene age. Alluvial deposits are also related to the late Eopleistocene. In the stratigraphic scheme of Ukraine they answer the tops of shirokino overhorizon higher than paleomagnetic episode of Kharamil'o (V. Shovkopliasy, T. Khristoforova, A. Krokhmal,  M. Komar,  S. Prilipko etc.).

8.      The laboratory of the thermoluminescent dating is working successfully. Dating, got its employees in a great deal assist correct stratification and correlation, mainly, of the Pleistocene subaerial deposits (V. Shovkopliasy, S.Prilipko).

9.      In 2008 researches are completed on the topic "Paleogeographic, evolutionary and paleoecological criteria of stratigraphic dissection of Quaternary Ukraine." As a result of comprehensive analysis of actual and literary materials, we have determined the evolution (with the use of fossil mollusks, small mammals, ostracods, spores and pollen), paleoecological (by the same group) and paleogeographic (glacial and interglacial, marine regression and transgression, etc.) criteria based on which we can carry out stratigraphic dissection of the Quaternary deposits and, subsequently, a modification of the Pleistocene stratigraphic scheme of Ukraine. To confirm the reliability of such dissection we used the new original thermoluminescence and radiocarbon dating. The criteria given above served basis for the reconstruction of main paleogeographic events of Pleistocene and analysis of character of their direction for the last 1,8 million years. During Anthropogene period, there were significant changes in the environment. Their study will provide an opportunity to predict the development of natural processes in the future (all employees of the department).

10. Currently the employees of the department began to work on the topic “Development and modernization of the stratigraphic scheme of Quaternary deposits of Ukraine”. It will likely be revised scope and boundaries of some chronostratigraphic subdivisions of the Pleistocene, improved their paleontological foundation.

In 2009, the main specialist S. Prilipko successfully defended his Ph.D. thesis “Geochronology subaerial Northern Black Sea sediments (from data of thermoluminescent analysis)”.

Department staffs are direct participants in several foreign grants or engage in joint work with colleagues from Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Serbia, France, Russia and Slovenia.

During 30 years the scientists of department hold or participate in regular Ukrainian-Polish field seminars for the study of loess and glacial deposits of two countries. It's been 16 such meetings. Numerous collective publications (monographs) became their result.

After 2006-2010 three monographs are published or prepared to the publication:

1. Dykan N. Systematization of Ostracoda of Ukraine" (a reference book). - Kyiv: IGN NASU, 2006. - 430 p.

2. Dykan N. Neogene-Quaternary ostracodes of the Carpathians foot-hills. - K.: Chetverta hvylja, 2008. – 88 p.

3. Krokhmal A., Rekovets L. "Location of small mammals of the Pleistocene of Ukraine and adjacent areas”.  – Киев, 2010  – 331 с.

In the past five years, the department staffs have published over 140 articles in scientific journals, scientific collection, materials of conferences, congresses, meetings, etc.